A Closer Look At The Beauty Of Oriental Rugs

Posted on: 18 May 2015

The term "oriental rugs" is a broad term for handmade rugs from Asian countries. It does little to explain the complexity of these rugs and how they help to show culture. Here is a closer look at oriental rugs so that when you decide to go rug shopping you'll have a better understanding of these beautiful pieces.


Oriental rugs come from many different countries. Each country adds their own bit of culture to the weaving process. You can tell where a rug came from by the differences in designs, also known as motifs. They all might look similar, but there are tiny differences. Different carpets and their locations include:

  • Persian carpets from Iran
  • Pakistani carpets from Pakistan
  • Arabian carpets from the Arab World that includes Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and other Arabic-speaking countries
  • Turkish carpets from the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey
  • Kurdish rugs from the Kurdistan region
  • Tibetan rugs from the Tibetan Highlands


These rugs are made with natural fibers only. The most common material choices are cotton and wool because they are easy to obtain and work with. Rug makers will use wool from sheep, camel hair, or even goat hair. Wool creates a rug that is soft to the touch. Silk is a fancier material used to make oriental carpets. Many rug makers use silk on the parts of the rug design that stand out, most often the middle medallion piece.

Motifs and Layout

Oriental rugs follow a common layout. The two most common layouts are central medallion and all-over. Central medallion layouts have a giant design smack dab in the center of the rug with smaller designs surrounding it and another design framing the edges of the rug. All-over layouts place smaller designs all-over the rug often in rows where the designs sit at equal distance from each other.

The designs use common motifs. They are often symbolic of the country's culture and will vary from country to country. The most common motif is the medallion. It is a rounded geometric shape that often look like flowers. Other motifs include tribal designs that reflect culture and spirals.


These handmade oriental rugs are made by knotting the threads into patterns. The two most common knots used are the senneh knot, also known as the Persian knot, and the ghiordes knot, also know as the Turkish knot. The senneh knot is a single knot while the ghiordes knot is a double knot.

See how complicated these beautiful oriental rugs are? They are so much more than pretty rugs but pieces of art for your home. For more information about rugs, contact a company like Imperial Rug Galleries Limited.